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8 school shootings this year in US: London students react

Only five months into 2019, there have already been 8 school shootings in the states, killing four people and injuring 17.

In one week, two students just days away from graduation – Riley Howell and Kendrick Costello – died protecting their classmates from gunfire in shootings in North Carolina and Colorado.

After the Dunblane Primary School shooting in 1996 – 16 students and one teacher were killed before the shooter killed himself – the UK banned handguns. The UK has not has a school shooting incident since.

School shootings for UK students are luckily not a worry or concern, due to shootings being extremely rare within the UK. Most incidents involving two or more deaths within the UK have been due to organised crime, such as feuds between drug dealers or gangs.

Emotions and fear always sweeps the nation when a school shooting story breaks, especially in the US but do these specific issues have a similar effect on UK students?

Sam, 21, has never been to the states but described the shootings as “dreadful”. “It’s pretty awful when you’re hearing about them pretty much every other day”.”

113 people were killed or injured in school shootings in the US in 2018, BBC reports.  The number of school shootings in 2019 are predicted to rise.

Neriah, 20, has become discouraged and disheartened by rising number of mass deaths and injuries in the US, “it makes me feel like there’s not going to be any progress, which is sad”. 

As outsiders, Brits understand that it’s not the American people who don’t want a resolution, it’s the government. Many political campaigns are funded by the NRA , – in 2016, the NRA spent $11,438,118 to Donald Trump’s presidential campaign – and are therefore less inclined to break that partnership, go against the organisation’s beliefs and lose the money.

Clemence, 26, suggests the US government “looked at their policies and laws, maybe it wouldn’t happened as much”. 

Neriah believes government effort should be coupled with a concrete safety plan in schools, “not just giving them the draws of what to do if there’s a shooting, but having other forms of security and protection…so no kids have to risk their lives to save their classmates or teachers.”

Sam has a simpler resolution, “stop glorifying guns”. He owes the non-issue of gun violence in Britain to the fact that guns aren’t romanticised in the country, but he “gets the impression” that the US does.

It’s wishful optimism to say that the US will eventually listen to the pleas of its citizens, but we’re left with the question of how many more children will have to die before the US government makes a change.






Banning single-use tents could leave charities without stock

According to The Independent, “The Association of Independent Festivals (AIF) – an organisation that represents and empowers independent UK festivals like Shambala, Boomtown and Boardmasters – is urging retailers to stop marketing and selling tents as single-use items.” 

According to the AIF, the average tent is made largely of plastic and weighs approximately 3.5kg –  the equivalent of 8,750 straws. 

AIF also found that 10 percent of people attending festivals will leave their tent behind. 

Along with banning single-use tents, another proposition is to simply take them home and ensure that they will be used repetitively. However, this is left to the initiative of festival-goers, and as to whether or not they’ll actually carry them home long after the festival staged has been packed up. 

Help Refugees volunteer, Layla Fraser, believes that while banning single-use tents will be immensely beneficial to the environment, at the moment the charity she currently partners with is benefiting from the sea of forgotten tents. 

“You meet loads of cool people. Go around listening to music while doing the work. You can do it for one day, a few hours, or multiple days. You just do it until the charity isn’t there anymore or until most of the good tents are packed up.”

Though the tents go on to benefit charities like Help Refugees, the name of the charity that organises the cleanup is FWRD.

According to their website, they’re the first and only registered charity in the UK dedicated to helping the most vulnerable in society, through the collection and redistribution of abandoned items at festivals. Registration to volunteer is available on the front page of their website. 

According to Layla, 50 percent of the tents left at festivals such as Boomtown and Glastonbury, are able to be recovered.

When I mention to her that festival organisers are trying to ban single-use tents, she comments, “I think that is a really great step in the right direction. Realistically, these non-plastic tents are going cost more so people are going to want to pack them down, and take them home. Festival organisers will save a lot of money on clean up teams that they could possibly put towards charitable stalls for refugees, homelessness, and more people will get involved.”

The impact that collecting single-use tents is evident through Layla’s work as a volunteer. “When we went to Calais in October, there were thousands of tents in the warehouse ready to be distributed. I’d say that anyone who lives near a festival should donate two days to volunteering. I know single handedly I cleaned up 50 to 100 tents.” 

Layla weighs 50 kg and stands at 5’1, proving that you don’t exactly need to be superhuman to donate a few hours of your time.  

According to a previous article written by WNOL, the French police are conducting evictions every 48 hours, which really goes to challenge how beneficial these tents are to refugees living rough in Calais and Dunkirk.

“The men in Calais who are living rough have a hard time during evictions taking tents. If they can have a tent that they can travel with quickly, that they can take on their back, there’s less chance of their tent not being there when they come back,” says Layla. 

Though there is a likelihood that tents could be confiscated or slashed, Layla strongly discourages sitting back and doing nothing. “It’s definitely not enough but its on its way there. I guess the point is to just not do nothing. Everybody can have an impact, but its definitely not enough. The best thing to do would be to carry on donating tents, especially during winter, because it can actually kill people not having shelter. It’s saving lives.” 

“It’s also children and babies, newborn babies, that can be in the snow without shelter. We need to be more urgent about issues like these. It’s a life or death situation. The festival comes at a good time because they’ll have a stock of tents they can use towards winter.”

London Craft Week: Brixton

Whilst we can’t hop onto a plane to ancient Greece or some lost civilisation and explore the scenery, this week Squire & Partners are hosting a free showcase of 25 works of bronze gold.

The Original models are encased in bronze, not just to provide that fresh, clean finish but also to preserve the original pieces, which themselves, don’t tend to last much longer than a month.

One mask that particularly caught our eye was James Green’s called the Elephant King. The sculpture incorporates a series of elaborate decorative shapes that combine to form a mask that looks Mayan or Aztec at first glance.


This sculpture had a Mayan influence and made by James King

The Elephant King itself was made from cardboard, and the whole thing was cut with an electrically powered jigsaw tool. The mask has been polished but also given darker recesses to highlight the depth of the carvings which decorate the mask itself.

In Tom Winstanley (our guide) expert opinion “the pattern the work that’s drawn on top is quite playful, it’s joyful, it’s something that’s been inherently ‘round for a long time and its decorative language that’s been applied to this, the whole artwork has a quite a decorative feel to it. But it holds its own because it has its own weight to it, which is referencing an ancient history of casting”.


Winstanley said this sculptures meaning was what viewers perceived of it and open to interpretation.

But don’t assume that every piece started as a fine sculpture. Tom explained the process and intention behind a Bolangian piece which started as a painting. The sculpture itself was digitally made and then some computer programs later we have our sculpture. Manikin hands gripping a rope with emphasised fingernails.

The funny look is thanks to the sculpture being left in its natural state for a bit then sandblasted, before being welded together in certain sections creating iridescent colouring on areas of the art. He technique also left us with a glittering finish that shows off bronze in an entirely new and unique way. “There’s a point where you being to stop making the sculpture and that’s the finished article, and it feels right that it’s been stopped within the process”.

– Jamal Davis

– Photos by Zubair Karmalkar

Is punishment the best way to encourage rehabilitation?

An age-old debate: how should prisoners be treated?

Should they be caged up like animals? Left to fester in cold cells? Is punishment the best way to encourage change? Or should preaching and practicing rehabilitation be the main aim of imprisonment?

The United Kingdom spends more money on public order than the United States or any other European Union countries. Nevertheless, jails are highly ineffective. With an imprisonment rate of 150 per 100,000 people and over 83,000 prisoners currently locked away in England and Wales. Since 1994, English and Welsh prisons have been overcrowded.

Arguably, the whole point of imprisonment is to lower the number of criminals in our society and rehabilitate them by punishing them and taking their freedom away. With nearly 75 percent of teenagers under 18 being reconvicted within in a year of release, it’s clear that the system’s agenda is not being achieved.

“As it stands now, justice systems are extremely expensive, do not rehabilitate, but in fact make the people that experience them worse.”- James Bell, an American lawyer and prison reform activist

It’s not just the United Kingdom that is failing at upholding the ultimate goal of the prison system. Countries across the world are not following through with their agenda either.

As a result, a growing number of prisons are embracing rehabilitation and a new form of incarceration. By giving inmates more responsibility, freedom, and comfort, prisoners are given the chance to change.

Justizzentrum Leoben, a minimum security prison in Austria, allows convicts to live in one-bed cells containing a television set and ensuite bathroom.

Halden Prison in Norway takes on a campus-style prison with two-bedroom houses where inmates can enjoy overnight visits from family and friends.

Critics of minimum security prisons believe that they could encourage and increase unruly and dangerous behaviors. Nevertheless, Halden boasts the lowest reoffending rate in Europe.

Situated on an island off the coast of Norway sits a minimum security prison home to 110 criminals name Bastøy Prison. Inmates here are encouraged to cycle along biking trails, go on walks, fish in the surrounding waters, and interact with the 69 staff members who work there.

The idea of giving prisoners a higher amount of freedom is slowly beginning to become more supported. Prisoners in UK prisons are now being encouraged to listen to radio stations such as the Prison Radio Association. Many of the shows run by the Prison Radio Association are even presented and produced by prisoners.

“Reducing reoffending is of benefit to everybody. Equipping prisoners with skills and confidence is crucial in bringing down reoffending rates. Prison radio offers a unique, innovative and effective way to communicate with prisoners and engage them in education, debate, and community,” says a spokesperson from Prison Radio Association.

An inmate from HMP Lindholme expresses his praises towards the station,  “I’ve just been introduced to NPR and the inspiration your radio station gives has been a very welcome breath of fresh air. I have now found a new lease of life and I’m now going after a dream I once had as a student at college”.

The United Kingdom prison system is focused on punishment versus rehabilitation. Nevertheless, the results of giving inmates a higher sense of responsibility and loosening our grip on prisoners looks to be the best way to fulfill the agenda of our prison system.

Featured image VIA

Veganism ‘trend’ is helping the environment

The BBC recently revealed that over 1 million animal species are in danger. The UK became the first country to declare climate change as a national emergency. We are being told we have only 11 years to change our ways.

Within the article, the BBC also mentions how many will have to think about eating more fruit and veg and less meat. 

According to, livestock takes up around 80% of global agricultural land, and as humans, we consume around 300 million tonnes of meat a year. Unsurprisingly, this is causing a lot of strain on the environment.


Livestock produce 18% of greenhouse gasses, which is more than all emissions from ships, planes, trucks and other transport put together. Farming animals are also a cause of deforestation and degeneration. 

Lifestyles like Veganism have taken off in the past 10 years, with it being held as the biggest trend in 2018. Many praise the lifestyle for its health benefits and its impact on the earth. BBC Good Food says that if everyone in the world went vegan, the worlds food-related emissions would drop by 70%. 

Vegan lifestyles boast to help you lose excess weight, lower blood sugar, improve the functioning of the body and even protect you against cancer. 

It was also revealed within the article that in order to save the planet, people may have to begin consuming less meat and leading a vegetarian or vegan lifestyle. It was revealed by that 2-3% of the UK is vegetarian, and meat consumption has actually fallen in recent years. 

Many are jumping on the bandwagons of ‘no meat Monday’ and ‘veganuary’ to push themselves to try the lifestyle. 

Studies show that most vegans are aged 16-24, with now half a million vegans on the streets of the UK. No longer is it dedicated to the hippies; even bodybuilders are getting in on it, supplying evidence to the myth that they need animal protein to gain muscle. 

Food, in general, is responsible for over one-quarter of all greenhouse gasses, with dairy and meat being the biggest culprits for the carbon footprint. 

Of course, older generations are not as forthcoming with their diets, with many luxuriating in their now rationales world. but more and more people are choosing the no-meat life, which is another thing that can be done to help the environment thrive. 

Can serial killers be ‘sexy’?

Netflix recently urged their viewers over Twitter to stop referring to Ted Bundy as “hot.” Sparking debate on Hollywood’s portrayal of serial killers.

Online Tumblr communities romanticise serial killers. A cult following for the Columbine shooters called ‘Columbiners’ has emerged on the site and those who are obsessed with serial killers proclaim themselves to be ‘true crime enthusiasts’. 

Examples of such blogs are:

According to an interview with NPR, Rhitu Chatterjee, a mental health professional, this type of material is likely to incite more mass shootings and acts of terrorism. She comments on the copycat appeal, “It’s a very human act. Now, we humans sort of instinctively emulate those around us, especially people we identify with, and we do this in ways we even often don’t understand or know. That’s how cultures spread. Now, if you take the case of these mass shooters, these individuals tend to be unhappy people. They’re dissatisfied, and they tend to have this us-against-them outlook about the world. Their social lives aren’t that great. They feel like they don’t really belong anywhere.”

“Now, you take somebody like this, they can go online and read up about the lives and actions of those who felt like them and who acted on their violent, dissatisfied thinking, and now they have somebody to identify with, and there’s a sense of belonging and purpose that comes with that identification, and they feel justified in how they think and what they want to act on. Another thing to keep in mind is that a significant number of mass shooters are also suicidal, and this sort of copycat phenomenon has been very well-documented in suicidal behaviour as well.”  

It has been made known that the Christchurch killer (who will not be named here for obvious reasons) was inspired by acts made by other white nationalists, “Now, we know from this man’s statement that he was enamoured with previous white supremacist mass killers, but this kind of idolising of previous shooters is not unique to white supremacists. It’s actually true for most mass shooters. Someone contemplating mass violence often will spend days or even weeks studying the lives and acts of previous mass shooters” says Rhitu Chatterjee in the NPR interview, which might be why New Zealand’s Prime Minister, Jacinda Arden, refused to name him in a statement to parliament.

A teenager who stabbed two to death in Colchester, Essex in 2014, was known to have glorified the acts committed by the Yorkshire Ripper, according to The Independent. Providing a first hand account that serial killers are in fact inspired by those who have been given notoriety in the past for their crimes. 

Perhaps, the most famous incident of copycat crimes were those acted out by the B.T.K killer, with BTK standing for “blind, torture, kill”. He had left letters for police and media to find all around the city of Wichita, Kansas, according to Oxygen. One he had taped to the back of a stop sign and the other inside a book in a public library. 

His killing spree inspired A Good Marriage, a novela written by Stephen King, which was later turned into a movie. For the years leading up to his arrest, he taunted police by sending letters to media outlets local to Wichita, until his capture in 2005 when police traced a disk back to B.T.K. He was famously quoted saying, “The floppy did me in.” 

Though documentary evidence should be allowed to criminology students and those who study psychology, it is up for debate as to whether or not movies such as Netflix’s, Extremely Wicked, Shockingly Evil and Vile a movie based on Ted Bundy starring Zac Efron is appropriate. Also whether or not such notoriety could play a role in inspiring similar crimes in the future. Though, not something I particularly have the answer to, it’s worth contemplating when reflecting on today’s culture of creating infamous serial killers. 

Charities: through the eyes of a chugger

It’s undeniable that if you’re reading this, then you’re enjoying some sort of privilege. Be that through a phone, tablet or classic desktop. To say that we all can’t solve the world’s problems by ourselves is an obvious cliché, yet that doesn’t excuse the decrease in interest or urgency we seem to be showing charities.

The numbers of people who give to charities has been steadily dropping in recent years. Namely in the past three years, which were marked by Oxfam’s mistreatment of Haitian citizens and Save the children’s sexual harassment and leadership dramas among others. These don’t exactly sound like projects that need the public’s full support.

The Charities Aid Foundation has conducted several surveys and collected other relevant data that indicates a decrease in public trust and or interest in charities. 40 per of people say that charities are trustworthy with those in the opposite camp have risen by 21% (everyone else is on the fence). Even amongst the elderly who remain today the most charitable group only 46% would agree that most charities are to be trusted. As Mrs Pinkney the CAF’s head of research puts it “If people lack trust, that means they worry that their hard-earned money is not being well spent when donated to charities”.

So, considering all that, what’s happened to those who work for these large organisations? Chuggers are by no means a rare site nowadays. For must of us, the prospect of spending hours in uniform, speaking to strangers that would much rather ignore you doesn’t sound appealing. Especially when you compound that with the commission-based pay in most cases which is not only in secure because your pay check is determined by how many customers you attract. But also, by the fear of losing your job, thanks to not signing up enough people.

If all that sounds like the worst deal you could imagine, then you must be wondering, why on earth would someone agree to work for these organisations like this?

Jerome, a friendly chugger on great Portland street, who works for Crisis was kind enough to speak to us. He explained that “You need to find what drives you and your reason for doing it. I came from foster care and so I know what it’s like to be in that position”. Jerome himself has been in this line of work for over a year now, though I’m sure you can agree that Jerome’s honourable motivations for braving the public’s apathy are probably a rarity amongst chugger kind.

Instead of pouring some decent change into marketing, more companies are now focusing on their existing patrons and keeping them accounted for. Which doesn’t sound like the worst long-term strategy, as the public seems to be tuning out of the songs that flash on the telly every now and then. People are allegedly providing smaller sums in donations and according to the CAF, fewer people were approached on the street for donations. It doesn’t seem like sunshine and rainbows are ahead for our friendly neighbourhood chuggers.




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