Author Archives: Madalina Corjuc

Clickbaits – what you should know about them

 

Growing strong on the online territory, the clickbaits can be described as “black holes of information”. They have been widely criticised for promoting the “yellow journalism” – a form of poorly researched content that sugar coats its crumbling information with dramatic headlines. On Facebook, they seem to thrive and evolve in the fake news that influence opinions, sparks fierce debates or even scandals. But what are they and how do they function? We talked about the clickbait phenomenon with Ms Inés Olivares, soon to graduate the Goldsmiths University and become a psychotherapist.

 

What is a clickbait?

Clickbait is a term that refers to the way certain pieces of web content is stylised with the intention to persuade people to click on them. The audience is lured with sensational headlines, striking pictures, as well as exaggerated, tabloid look-alike stories. It does so with the aim to generate high traffic on the website hosting the content and to encourage people to share it.

How does the clickbait work?

A clickbait is designed to explore the “curiosity gap” of a reader. Firstly, it sparks one’s interest in pursuing the link by using sounding words such as “the best”, “favourite”, “scandalous”, etc. in its headline. Next, it convinces the reader it possesses information unknown for him/her; then it claims it can fulfil one’s endeavours to learn the missing information in a very simple way: by clicking on the link.

“The way a headline is presented – by not including the outcome of the situation or event – appeals to our natural curiosity, provoking a response in our brain once it is opened. Whether the information received is interesting or not, the reward centre of our brain is stimulated after clicking on the link and reading the article,” said Ms Olivares.

Which are the most used words contained in a clickbait’s headline?

According to a Buffer analysis of 3.016 headlines from 24 different top content sites, among the most used words are: “you”, “what”, “how”, “know”, etc.

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List of the most popular words in viral headlines. Photo credit: blog.bufferapp.com

Ms Olivares explains these words are used as “linkers” and they contribute to the emotionally charged meaning of a sentence. Alongside other words, they “describe intense emotions and trigger strong reactions from the readers”. For instance, “What to do to impress your partner” or “How to love yourself, suggest the reader their content is the key to happiness. They also imply they deliver simple and straightforward solutions for the individuals’ daily problems – and so the readers click on them.

“Moreover, there are can link polarised words that represent two opposites poles of the same idea, such as “best” or “worst,” says Ms. Olivares. Such formulation prepares readers for how they will feel at the end of the article.

“The reader already knows if the news is positive or negative, and consequently how are they going to feel about it, or if they even want to connect with that information at all. In that way, the uncertainty is eliminated and the reader has a choice about his or hers emotional reactions,” adds Ms Olivares.

 

Why can’t people resist to the clickbait’s temptation?

Their desire to settle down the feeling of uncertainty is a promoter of their click impulse. According to Ms Olivares, when people are presented with partial information of a topic, it will “make them instantly curious”. “They [people] believe that if they click on the link, the doubt would be solved and the anxiety level for what is uncertain would decrease,” added she.

What is the most common layout used by clickbaits and why?

Usually, a clickbait will be designed as a listicle. The psychologists suggest that the predictability of a list allows people to develop a “schemata” – a mental map that categorises and presents the new information in connecting to the information already known. This cognitive system allows people to understand information faster and easily. The listicles appeal to the audience as it presents information in a clean and structured way.

“There is a psychological tendency to appreciate information presented within a structure, again to satisfy the desire of certainty and order in our life,” argues Ms Olivares

What makes people click on a story shared on social media?

We have asked University of Westminster student what makes them read the stories they read. Watch the video below to find out their answers:

 

How does Facebook intends to get rid of clickbaits?

How to spot fake news on Facebook

 

The fast distribution of information across social media platforms and the instant access to it leaves little space if none to the fact-checking process. While the audience can follow an event as it unfolds, it can do so by accessing several links that might or might not be reliable. Reading, watching, listening or sharing of such a misleading content can manipulate the audience by influencing its ideology and thus, impact the public opinion.

In response to this issue, Facebook has launched a campaign that teaches its users how to distinguish between the authentic and the malicious copycat news sites and new stories. Mark Zuckerberg, the CEO and founder of Facebook has previously said the social media platform treats the information published on the site as “very serious” and works to “outright hoaxes”.

Earlier in March, the social media company has posted a list on its platform and “to help people become more discerning readers”. Facebook has pinned the same tips on top of users’ News Feed in 14 different countries, UK included.

The list comes in handy … but we made it even handier for you!

1. Be cautious with clickbait – shocking headlines written in caps & which use exclamation points
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2. Avoid any phony or look-alike URL’s. Go to genuine websites and compare them
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3. Check the source for accuracy: read articles from reputable media organisations
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4. Pay attention to misspellings or weird layouts
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5. Verify where your footage has been taken from
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6. Inspect the dates. Sometimes timelines in fake stories make no sense
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7. Check the evidence. Lack of true facts can hint a story is false
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8. Look for similar stories and compare them to check the facts reported
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9. Try to distinguish whether the story is a parody or a satire
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10. Some stories are intentionally false. Think critically
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Follow these 10 steps and you’ll be fine!

Facebook to fight against fake news during the general election

Facebook has announced the company will take action to combat the torrents of fake news ahead of the UK general election and the users have divided opinions.

The US social media giant sets off to scrutinise its database using algorithms to track down deceptive content and disable false accounts. In addition, it will run newspaper adverts with tips on recognising fake stories. These measures are Facebook’s attempts to put down the heavy criticism sparked by its inefficiency in dealing with the fake news during the US presidential election. The fraudulent stories were spread on social media and are suspected to have influenced the voters.

“They [Facebook] should be able to check whether that story is true or not and, if it is fake, blocking it or alerting people to the fact that it is disputed” said the Conservative MP Damian Collin, adding that the fraudulent stories “fake news phenomenon” could cause “undermine confidence in the media in general” and could have “grave consequences for public attitudes, democratic processes, and the conduct of public life”.

Until recently, the company hesitated to step up and fight the issue: “I don’t think we have to be the publisher and we definitely don’t want to be the arbiter of the truth,” said the chief executive Sheryl Sandberg.

The company’s upgraded systems will examine the click baits and the bogus profiles which are believed to play a major role in the fake stories dissemination. There are 83 million fake profiles on the social media platform (CNN) and 4.75 billion pieces of content are shared on daily basis as of May 2013 (Facebook). They expect to “reduce the spread of material generated through this inauthentic activity, including spam, misinformation, or other deceptive content”.

The 31 Facebook users from the UK will be offered guidance on how to spot the misleading stories through a tip list circulated by the British press. Facebook will include such ads in The Guardian, The Times and The Daily Telegraph. The list advises to “Be skeptical of headlines”, “Look closely at the URL” and “Investigate the source”.

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Facebook’s tip list on how to spot fake news. Photo credit: bbc.co.uk/news

Alongside Google, the company announced to support Full Fact and First Draft – third party fact checkers – to “assess facts and stories” during the next month’s election. Full Facts crowdfunded £28,000 to fact check the UK election and has already begun to verify claims by the political parties, newspapers and political manifestos. An arrangement with Google and Facebook has yet to be made before proceeding to scan the social media, where the political parties are expected to ad spend the most in the forthcoming weeks.
“At election time our work is more needed than ever before,” said Will Moy, director of Full Fact.

To find out more about people’s thoughts on the matter, we asked students if they feel capable of identifying fake news online and whether this new step is will help eradicate fake and bias news stories online.

University of Westminster introduces new module on Brexit

University of Westminster student will be able to sign up for a new module explaining Brexit starting next year. The module is part of the Westminster elective plus – credit-bearing modules designed to enhance the students’ professional skills, and it will be taught by EU leading scholars across the university.

 Understanding Brexit: Complex challenges, new opportunities, as the module is called, will answers question such as ‘What is Brexit?’ and ‘How will it transform Britain’s outlook with Europe and the rest of the world?’ It seeks to familiarise students from all faculties with Britain’s entangled history with the EU while exploring the historical, legal, political, cultural and social dynamics of Brexit.

However, the University of Westminster students do not seem very excited about this new module.

‘To be honest, I don’t know why you need it. Brexit it’s going to last for two years; it is going to go a bit wrong and overtime it’s going to get better.’ said one student.

‘I don’t think we know enough about Brexit and its politics right now for us to teach it to anybody. I’m confused’, said another student.

Learn more about the new module watching the video below.

 

 

From Nada to Prada: An interview with model Diana Noje

With her sky-blue upturned eyes and long hair pouring down her shoulders, Diana Noje is a stunning beauty. Currently a PR and Communication student in Bucharest, Romania, she’s been modelling for almost six years now.

During her modelling career, she’s been everything: from an innocent blonde angel to very seductive women with feline flair. Magazines such as ELLE, Cosmopolitan, All or Rumours, have all featured the 21-year-old Romanian beauty.

The model’s romantic allure has landed her a lasting collaboration with Cherry Chau, a well-established jewellery brand in China. Diana has particularly strong ties to the Chinese brands. She flies at least three months a year, and Hong Kong it’s a top destination.

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Diana as the new face of Cherry Chau Picture credit: @diananoje

I sat with her and we talked a lot of trivia. We discussed her career – how she kicked it off, the good and bad that happened along the way; the craziest thing she did for a shooting, and so on. But take a look by yourself.

When did you begin your modelling career and how were you discovered?

It all began when I was 15… A lady owning a small model agency in my city stumbled across my Facebook profile. She then sent few photos of me to a big agency in the capital. I went for a “test shooting” and they asked me straight away to sign a contract with them.

Were you into the idea of modelling before this? Did you expect it would be such a big thing for you?

Like many girls, I fancied the idea of being on the magazine covers or in big brand ads, but I never thought that it could happen to me. When I started, it was all a game for me. Since the beginning, I felt comfortable in front of the camera and I enjoyed every minute of it. I didn’t realise when it turned out into something this serious.

What about your first modelling experience? How was it?

Actually, I’ve got a job at my very first casting, in Istanbul. I was so excited to be there! And that joy was caught on camera – it was the kind of happiness my client was looking for. I posed for a jewellery brand, and I had the chance to work with an experienced model who taught me a lot. At the end of the day, my client gave me a jewel to celebrate my first modelling job.

Now, do you remember the first time you ever dressed in designer clothes? How did you feel wearing them?

I come from a small city where there are no luxurious brand shops. So, when I started modelling, I had my very first contact with clothes that until then, I’ve only seen in magazines. Like any other girl, I was amazed by how they fit my body and how good they made me look. I remember asking myself when will I be able to afford any of those clothes. (giggles)

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🔜 LOOKBOOK x Otilia Brailoiu '17 #otiliabrailoiuatelier

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What was the first designer item you’ve bought/received?

It was the first time I went to China and stayed there for three months. I remember I was wandering around in a duty-free shop and I felt so happy thinking I was finally flying back home. So, I wanted to spoil myself after all that working. Because it was in winter, I bought myself a pair of boots and a statement scarf from Burberry. It was the best feeling in the world at that time.

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Diana wearing her Burberry scarf Photo credit: @diananoje

Which of your physical features do you consider to be your defining one?

I’m often told that my eyes, and I agree with that.

Do you have a go-to picture pose?

After so many shootings, I’ve got to know my body pretty well and what posture fits me the best. It’s all about choosing a good angle for my profile – like on those times when you take selfies – and focus on the eyes.

What is the craziest, most scandalous thing you ever did for a shooting/ fashion campaign?

Cutting my hair, I. Luckily, it was very long at that time and I ended up with a medium length haircut. Once, I was proposed to cut it short and dye it red. It was for a major campaign in Hong Kong, but I didn’t have the courage to do it.

Can you tell me something funny that happened to you while shooting?

There are many moments that come to my head right now… But I think that time I had to change my clothes in a park full of people. I had an outdoor shooting and there was no place where I could change myself. Of course, the people on the set helped me and they covered me up, but I was still embarrassed. Now when I think about it, it’s quite funny. (smiles)

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@diananoje in action

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Do you remember a moment when you experienced a lot of emotions?

I had a lot of emotional moments – especially when I was away from my family and my friends for a long time. I remember the first time I went to China, at 16… As soon as I reached my hotel room, I went straight to the shower and cried for a good amount of time. It was happening all so fast and everything was so different from what I did before. I was thinking I can’t do this.

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Diana in Shenzhen, Guangdong, China Picture credit: @diananoje

What was the worst experience you’ve been put through?

The worst moment I’ve experienced so far, was when I worked a whole day with only one break, and at the end of it, the client said he won’t pay my agency because he doesn’t want to use the pictures anymore. I had an outdoor and studio shooting on the same day. A while after this, I found my pictures online and I discovered that the agency for which I worked in that city, lied to me. They actually took the money – my money. I was left with a poker face.

What is your all-time favourite shooting/ fashion campaign?

I think it’s the underwear shooting I recently had in a beautiful mansion by the lake. It was the kind of house that I would love to live in – so peaceful and zen. It didn’t feel like working at all.

luxurious mansion

Diana taking a break on the sofa Photo credit: @diananoje

Can you tell me something only a person who works in your industry would know?

It’s never what it looks like. Now every time I look through a magazine and see a picture, I know how much effort is put into it. I understand how much work is done before the final pictures come out. Sometimes we would spend hours only to get a good lighting before even taking any pictures…

What do you do besides modelling?

Right now, I’m a second-year PR and Communication student – it takes all of my time. Also, as part of my daily routine, it’s a must to go to the gym. When I have some free time, I like to spend it with my friends and my boyfriend.

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With or without make-up? Do you have a signature look?

Umm, I always put on some sunscreen and conceal before I go out. Usually, when I’m not working, I try to let my skin breath after wearing all that heavy make-up.

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What’s the one thing you do, and nobody knows you’re doing it?

I like cooking. I must say I’m not the best chef, I know, but I enjoy doing this; especially when it comes to cooking healthy recipes. We must stay in shape, don’t we? (smiles)

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Diana at the gym Photo credit: @diananoje

What did modelling teach you?

I’ve learned a lot throughout the years… Like, how to live on my own in a foreign country, how to take care of myself… Modelling made a more responsible person and I must say that I was very lucky to have experienced all of this. All in all, it played a major role in my development.

So, what now? What do you do next? Any hopes, dreams, expectations?

I never know what I’m doing next. Usually, I don’t like to make any long-term plans. For now, I want to finish my university and continue with modelling – while I still can. I want to see new places, explore new cultures and I would love to visit America. And why not, have a modelling contract there.

You can follow Diana and her thriving career on Instagram and Facebook.

In step with London’s suffragettes and suffragists

Not long ago, some brave and strong women played out one of the history’s most influential campaigns: the suffragette movement. Their fierce fights for something you take for granted and even disregard now – the right to vote – have transformed not only the ordinary woman but also the society. Today, there are traces of the movement all over the London. If you try hard enough, you could see the suffragettes’ dancing shadows marching from Caxton Hall to the Parliament. Or you could imagine them madly tearing up the National Gallery’s paintings and holding dramatic boycotts in the Trafalgar Square. But what if instead of picturing these events, you could see them happening in front of your eyes? Well, rumour has it that there is a tour called Women on the March, which offers you this wonderful opportunity.

The women’s suffrage movement started in 1903, when Emmeline Pankhurst and her daughter Christabel, founded the Women’s Social and Political Union (WSPU). They had a mission: to help women enter the sphere of politics by giving them the basic right to vote. Detached from the pacifist National Union of Women’s Suffrage Societies (NUWSS), the new organisation abandoned its mother-society elegant tactics and adopted a militant approach. ‘Deeds, not words.’ – was its slogan, and it loudly echoed in the every campaign for social reformation it had.

The suffragettes’ volcanic temper would blow up properties, set goods on fire, launch arson attacks and even rip paintings. They would organise window-breaking campaigns, daringly attacking the politicians or disrupting the Parliament. The street demonstrations were also a common practice for the WSPU. Frequently enough, they would get arrested, do hunger strikes in jail, be force-feed and then released on the 1913 Cat and Mouse Act.

Alongside the NUWSS and the Women’s Freedom League (WFL), the WSPU’S suffragettes fought until they could finally embrace the very much deserved liberation. From being some mere decorations in the society, women became politically active. In 1918 women over the age of 30 and who owned property, could vote. Later in 1928, all women over 21 were granted the vote on the same terms as men. It is worth noticing this incipient form of sisterhood as manifested in the collaborations between the NUWSS, WSPU and WFL. Sure, they had clashing views and strategies over they couldn’t agree, but they rose above. They completed each other rather than competed.  It’s a beautiful moment in history when the seed of sisterhood gracefully sprouted against all the odds and continues to grow stronger nowadays.

To get a sense of what meant to be a suffragette and how it was to participate in the demonstrations, listen to the story of Lady Constance Lytton (also known as Jane Warton). She was a passionate British suffragette who one time, while being imprisoned, used a broken enamel to draw the letter “V” from “Votes for Women”, on her breast, right above her heart. In 1914, she published “Prisons and Prisoners”, relating her experiences as a suffragette.

Although the suffrage days are far gone, they remain a memorable page in the history of the world. For this very reason, three professional guides, Catherine, Mary and Moira, came up with the idea of a tour that celebrates the powerful women who participated in the movement. Thus, it came into being the Women on the March – a theatrical walking tour staging significant episodes from the tumultuous historical period. The three guides bring the suffragettes’ story back to life through animated and imaginative performances depicting the heroic acts of the suffragettes and not only.

Dressed up in authentic costumes made up of a long dress, a coat and a cloche or a Victorian hat, they recreate the authentic style the early 1900s. The white, green or purple ribbon crossed over the chest it’s an indispensable accessory, as it represents the WSPU’s flag colours. White, as explained by Mrs Pethick-Lawrence once, stands for ‘purity in public as well as private life’, green signifies ‘hope’, like the “green fire” of a new spring tide’ and purple means ‘dignity’.

Their impassionate speeches, infuriated gestures and determined marching, have the power to send you back in time, right in the middle of the suffragettes’ demonstrations.

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On January 21, they even joined thousands of other demonstrators in the Women’s March on London – an anti-Trump protest organised to celebrate the fundamental human rights and equality. Catherine, Mary and Moira gloriously marched in the name of the suffragettes, holding placards with the words ‘Suffragettes against Trump’ written on them.

I’ve talked with Catherine Cartwright, one of the Women on the March tour organisers. Listen to my interview to find out more details about the tour’s key locations, whose stories Catherine and her friends tell, and what do they do during their walks.

Also, don’t miss the chance to book your ticket for the next tour. It’s scheduled on Sunday, 14th May, outside the National Gallery, from 10:30 to 12:00 pm. You can follow the tour on Facebook and Twitter pages for further updates.

Now, after knowing all this, aren’t you a little curious to see what suffragette campaigns have been staged where, and when in London? Take a look at the map below and discover the capital’s key locations for the suffrage movement.

In case you want to explore these places by yourself, here’s a navigation map you can use. Also, enjoy your walk by listening to this heavenly WSPU’s anthem composed by Dame Ethel Smyth and sung by a women’s choir based in Northumberland.

Brexit: How British expats are impacted by the EU departure

Eight months after the EU referendum, PM Theresa May has finally spoken on the government’s Brexit strategy. She assured that British nationals living on the continent represent a “priority” in the UK’s negotiation agenda. However, the PM’s previous reluctance to secure the future of the EU nationals in the UK might have consequences for Britons living outside the country.

David Lammy, the Labour MP and former minister stressed out PM’s refusal will cost British people since it “has significantly reduced our international standing and made it far less likely that the EU will feel inclined to give us a good deal”.

With Article 50 of Lisbon Treaty looming on the horizon (deadline by the end of March) and tensions between UK and EU27, the British expats’ fate is hanging by the thread.

Here is everything we know so far about the British expats’ status.

What is Brexit?

Brexit is an abbreviation used to refer to UK’s decision to leave the European Union (EU) following a referendum on 23 June 2016. Vote Leave won by 51.9% to 48.1%.

What is Article 50?

Article 50 is a plan that allows any country to leave the EU. The five-paragraph document is part of the Treaty of Lisbon – an international agreement signed by all EU states (2009) and which forms the constitutional basis of the European Union (EU).

It outlines that any member state that wishes to quit the EU must notify the European Council and then proceed to negotiate its withdrawal. It also states that an agreement must be reached within two years (unless everyone agrees to extend it) and that the states cannot take part in EU internal discussions about its departure. Any exit deal must be approved by a “qualified majority” and it needs to supported by MEPs. If a state wants to rejoin the EU, this will be considered under Article 49.

Before the treaty, there was no formal mechanism for a country to leave the EU.

What does the Brexit White Paper mention about the British expats?

A white paper is a document issued by the Governments and it sets out proposals for future legislation. The Brexit White Paper informs about the Government’s Brexit strategy. It lays out 12 priorities to be considered for the forthcoming negotiations with the EU, among which is “Securing rights for EU nationals in the UK, and UK nationals in the EU”.

As stated in the document, “securing the status of, and providing certainty to, EU nationals already in the UK and to UK nationals in the EU is one of this Government’s early priorities”. UK’s intention was to reach a reciprocal deal with EU member states ahead of the formal negotiations. Despite there are many EU countries favouring such an agreement, this has proven not possible.

During her speech, Prime Minister Theresa May said that the Government wants “to guarantee the rights of British nationals in other member states, as early as” possible. She also stated that EU leaders “favour such an agreement – one or two do not”.

Listen to her speech in full below.

When will UK leave the EU?

Theresa May intends to trigger Article 50 by the end of March. This will give both UK and EU two years to reach an agreement. The deadline can be extended only if all 28 EU members agree to do so.

How many British expats live in the European Union?

There are over 4.5 million Britons living abroad, with 1.2 million of them living in European countries, as provided by the United Nations in 2015.

Where do British expats live in the European Union?

The most popular countries of residence are Spain (310,000), Ireland (255,000), France (185,000) and Germany (103,000), stated the United Nations Population Division in 2015.

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Who are the Brits living in the European Union?

The most recent study that offers information on UK nationals living abroad are pensioners is ‘Global Brit: Making the most of the British diaspora’ published in 2010 by the Institute for Public Policy Research (IPPR). According to this research, the largest part of the British diaspora is made of English, followed by Scottish and Welsh. 52% of the migration is by men.

A significant proportion of the UK nationals who emigrate are pensioners (+44), but there is also an increased number of young to mid-working age people (25-44). MWUK estimates that in countries such as Ireland, Spain, France, Germany, Italy, Cyprus, Netherlands and Germany, around 400,000 Britons are pensioners.

British emigrants tend to be highly educated and highly skilled. They move abroad primarily to work and have high earning jobs than the general Birth-born population.
An MWUK’s estimation suggests that around 800,000 British emigrants and their dependants will be working. In a Guardian research from 2015, it is revealed that at least 30, 000 British people (2,5% of British diaspora) living in EU member states are claiming unemployment benefits.

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Why is Brexit important for the expats?

Former attorney general Dominic Grieve QC explained that after Brexit, the British citizens living in EU countries would become “illegal immigrants overnight” if Britain doesn’t maintain some form of free movement after EU departure.

If Brexit happens, Britons’ right to work and live, or access to healthcare, pensions or public benefits in the EU countries would be affected. As they have been granted under the EU law, UK’s departure form EU means there will be no requirement for these rights to be maintained.

If the Government negotiates with the EU to maintain these rights, it is expected to be reciprocated for EU citizens living in UK as well.

Could the British expats be deported from the EU countries they live in?

Such a scenario is unlikely. The EU nations need to consider the situation of their own nationals in the UK, and not only. A mass deportation could potentially affect the economy of the expelling country.

The Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties 1969 states that the expats have “acquired rights” in their home countries. Some lawyers suggest that Britons could utilise these legal protections after UK’s departure from EU. This is possible because when Brits have established themselves in the EU countries, they have exercised their right to live there. This means that as long as they lived in those countries before Brexit, they would keep this right.

What happens to UK citizens working in the EU?

Briton’s ability to work in EU countries depends on the UK’s agreement with EU. If the government decides to impose work permit restrictions on EU nationals, then it is highly likely that the other countries will reciprocate. This means that Brits would be required to apply for visas to work.

Could British expats be barred from EU healthcare and benefits?

Currently, the European Health Insurance card gives the British citizens free access to essential healthcare in some EU countries and reduced price in others. Brexit might result in this right to be taken away and Brits would be forced to fund for private healthcare. However, if this happens, it means that UK would take identical measures on the millions of EU nationals who live in Britain. For this reason, UK might come to a “reciprocal healthcare” agreement with EU.

How will the British students be affected by Brexit?

The UK students might face higher fees in the future since the domestic rates are only eligible for students coming from EU member states. They may need to apply for visas and will no longer be eligible for funding via the Erasmus exchange program. British students may also face difficulties when trying got work during or after their studies.

 

What happens to the British expats’ pensions?

British citizens who live in the European Economic Area have their pensions protected. It is still to be decided whether this will continue or the British state pensions will be frozen. There is also a possibility that the pensions of those who worked in Britain for a period might be worth less when claimed.

At the moment, Britons receive their pensions because a principle of the single market is applied. The single market is the free movement of goods, people, services and capitals from one EU member states to another. For this to continue to work, UK must reach a mutual agreement with EU.

How British expat feel about Brexit?

There are many British people who have relatives living in EU countries. Listen to the audio below and find out how a Britsh woman who has half of her family abroad, feels about Brexit.

Listen to more expats’ stories here: